It is no secret that children in the first months of life are restless, often crying. To say they can't, so the tears become for a baby the only way to "tell" parents that he urgently needs their attention – for example, wants to eat or that he changed a crowded diaper. Having "his" baby usually calms down, begins to smile and happy to Galati. However, if your child is hysterically crying every day, and, at the same time and reassure him is extremely difficult, the reason is likely one of the intestinal colic.
About the problem know millions of moms and dads across the land. It hurts kids and harassing the parents, forcing them to worry, not to sleep nights. And how can we not worry if the child inconsolably cries every day, and you don't even know what he at this moment can help.
Colic is identified annually in approximately 25-30% of children – and, equally boys and girls alike. The first symptoms usually occur in the third week of life and may continue until the age of four months. What kind of symptoms? What causes they can volunteer? How to relieve baby's pain? For these and many other questions we will answer in our article.
Intestinal colic: risk of
Generally speaking, the risks are in most cases associated with increased flatulence that occurs during feeding and digestion. It arises because the mechanisms of regulation of intestinal motility is still immature and flatulence is accompanied by spasm of its individual parts. Immaturity regulatory mechanisms may be due to a complicated childbirth or the birth of a premature baby.
If specify, then we can talk about at least six main causes leading to the occurrence of colic.
Poor attachment of baby to the breast. With this development the "events" of the child together with milk swallows air, which actually leads to increased flatulence. Pumping milk and feeding them from the bottle problem is solved only in the case if the kid will learn firmly to clasp a pacifier lips, and will not swallow the air.
Inappropriate milk formula \ improper preparation. When mothers own milk is not enough or they for some reason can't breast-feed, the diet of toddlers appear milk mixture. They are now available a lot, and find the right babysitter for your child usually is not difficult. But unfortunately, errors do occur and the diet can get food that is not suitable. It also happens that the mixture is optimal, but parents have difficulties with its proper preparation. In the first and in the second case of colic, most likely, not be avoided.
Improper nutrition of the mother. A woman who is breastfeeding, it is advisable to change your diet and give up many products – particularly leading to increased flatulence. So if you like dishes made of cabbage, beans, mushrooms and I can't imagine life without black bread, tomatoes and nuts, be prepared for the fact that the diet affects the composition of breast milk and, accordingly, may cause the child colic. that subsequently can cause colic in children. Not to risk, better breast-feeding to avoid these foods.
Violation of the intestinal microflora. It is well known that the intestinal tract directly affects the condition of its flora. If you change the ratio of beneficial and pathogenic bacteria in favor of the latter disorders are inevitable, resulting in enhanced fermentation and flatulence. The result is not only intestinal colic, and diarrhea with the release of acidic feces that babies have delicate skin under the diaper acts like a burn. Therefore, nursing mothers should ensure that the ratio of useful bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the body of the baby remains optimal. That is, carefully to watch over his diet and my own food, if necessary, using medication to restore the intestinal flora.
Lactase deficiency. Another cause of colic is intolerance to a child contained in the milk carbohydrates. Primarily lactose, which arises due to the lack or insufficient activity of a special enzyme – lactase. In this case, coming from a diet of breast, cow milk or nutritional compounds are also poorly absorbed, the baby's tummy swells, and he exhibits followed by a cry of concern.
Bad habits and asocial environment. If the expectant mother during pregnancy smoked and used alcoholic beverages, not ceasing their "Hobbies" and after childbirth, the risk of colic in the child doubles. Contribute to the development of these disorders and strained relationships between parents that are transmitted to the baby (especially if they are constant scandals in his presence). Antisocial living conditions, disregard of health and safety standards – is also a direct way to rise to his colic.
The symptoms of colic and the rule of three
Under the child intestinal colic understand is unpleasant and causes discomfort feeling of fullness or squeezing in the abdominal cavity, occurring in the first year of life. Clinically manifested spastic colic pain, lasting from a few minutes to two to three hours. For this disorder characterized by such typical features:
predictable the occurrence of one or two times a day morning and late evening (around 10.00 and 17.00); the child blushes, screams, clenches fists, tension arches her back and draws legs; its belly thus distended and tense; after a bout of colic, the baby usually calms down and falls asleep, and the rest of the day, he normally eats and sleeps, not showing any signs of anxiety.
Based on the above-mentioned "distinguishing features", for a more accurate diagnosis of the so-called rule of three: if the baby cries 3 or more hours a day for at least 3 days a week and for 3 weeks in a row. It should be borne in mind that intestinal colic may occur with atypical symptoms – for example, constipation, difficulty in expectoration of gases.
Healthy microflora for colic!
Currently, the most common way of removing babies from colic is prescribing on the basis of simethicone — organosilicon compound. These drugs are designed to reduce (extinguish) the increased gas formation that causes unpleasant and painful sensations in a child. However, experience and research prove the low efficiency of such treatment. This is not surprising — the elimination of the symptom (effect) and not reason can not get rid of the problem.
Unfortunately, even in the absence of or the elimination of visible reasons (artificial feeding, improper initiation of breastfeeding, malnutrition, mothers, lactase deficiency, etc.) colic in newborns can still occur. In this case, just try to find the reason inside. What causes excessive flatulence? What is gas and why does it occur?
One of the reasons gas is enzyme deficiency. Of course, the enzymatic system of the baby has not formed yet. But isn't that why, in particular, he has to eat breast milk? Shouldn't even immature enzymatic system to cope with the power?
The main and essential condition for defeating this disorder is to restore a healthy microflora and prevent dysbacteriosis. So mothers should feed babies properly, and themselves to follow the recommendations on healthy nutrition. To strengthen the result, you can use products or products containing bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, the importance of which for the normal functioning of the intestine is difficult to overestimate.
So, carried out in Italy the study showed high efficacy of Lactobacillus compared with simethicone in the treatment of colic in newborns. In addition, analyses revealed lower levels of lactobacilli in infants with colic compared to babies who did not have this problem. (Francesco Savino, MD, Emanuela Pelle, MD, Elisabetta Palumeri, MD, Roberto Oggero, MD, Roberto Miniero, MD Department of Pediatrics, children's hospital Regina Magherita, University of Turin, Turin, Italy, Pediatrics 2007; 119;124-130).
It is equally important to observe the frequency of feedings and after each use to keep baby in a vertical position to partially escape of air from the stomach. After a meal the baby should be put on the barrels: in this case, even if the baby vomit, getting milk into the respiratory tract is excluded. And indeed the "transport" of milk from the stomach into the intestine will be faster and easier.
It is useful for colic tummy massage. But it should be done strictly in a clockwise direction, with the use of special massage oils. It will not hurt to put on baby's tummy warm diaper (which is a bit will calm him down).
It happens that the described measures do not help. Then you should resort to the enema or venting tube, which should slowly and very gently inserted into the rectum of the baby. By itself, the tube is safe, and it can be left for five to seven minutes, after which the little patient must be carefully to wash away.
Many moms are struggling with colic in children using adsorbents capable of actively adsorbing intestinal gas and to bring the child relief. In the Arsenal of this fight yet and carminative that helps release the natural gases. This variety of essential oils, peppermint, Valerian, and belladonna, as well as seeds of dill, parsley and anise. Recommended treatment known dill vodicka and preparations based on fennel.
When adhering to a proper diet and the above recommendations, the forecast for the development of intestinal colic favorable: it's a nasty disorder usually for a month and a half passes.