A child is born with a primary arc of kyphosis. The top of the arc at the 9 thoracic vertebrae. By the time the baby is born equipped with reflexes that are required for its survival. These include the reflex response to stimulation of the skin near the mouth, are necessary in order to find the nipple and to suckle reflex straightening of the neck, allowing the infant to lift and turn his head from side to side while lying on her stomach, which enables him to suffocate.
The straightening of the head. It's not easy, given the discrepancy in size of head and body compared to an adult. First, the child is difficult to counteract the force of gravity, but by 8 weeks he already holds his head. At the same time begin to form the nerve communications with the muscles of the extensors of the cervical spine, initiating the movement are strengthened. The cervical extensor muscles become strong and form the first organicheskoy arc. When the child stands up, means the acquisition of the ability of balancing the body weight on the hip joints. The latter is achieved by a complex interaction of iliac-lumbar muscles, pelvic floor, hip joints, extension the hip joint and extensor muscles of the spine. Lumbar arch, and neck are supported by the extensor muscles of the spine, play "anti-gravity" role. All of these muscles influence the degree of inclination of the pelvis. What leads to a change in vertebral curves?
Childbirth is the first real trauma that a newborn receives. The main causes of trauma to the fetus during labor: a large fetus, anomalies of labor activity, rapid delivery, obstetric aid, a cesarean section hypoxia. As a result, the threat of generic traumatic brain injury. Syndrome – a developmental disorder of locomotor apparatus, disturbance of the physiological curves of the spine, distortions of the pelvis, autonomic disorders, enuresis. These disorders can cause children to become restless, can't sleep, intestinal cramps, frequent regurgitation during feeding.
Advances in modern manual therapy, including osteopathic techniques allow for effective in various forms of perinatal pathology.
- Restoration of mobility in a vertebral – impellent segments.
- Relaxation of shortened muscles and strengthening the tone of relaxed muscle.
- Fascial techniques work with the pelvis, ribcage and skull.
If the child is not time to treat all the complex state of moving in a scoliotic posture, and then scoliosis – curvature of the spine with the violation of all organs and systems. In connection with this change and malocclusion (the misalignment of teeth posteriorly) occlusion with a deep cutting overlap (in preschoolers according to statistics, 26 %, of pupils 12%).
This functional impairment is associated with impaired dentition, the cause of which is the change in the musculoskeletal system (scoliosis).
Happen caudal displacement of the mandible posteriorly. In General, all curves are in line with the main axis of the body, due to center of gravity. This axis passes through the front edge of the foramen Magnum and the coccyx.
Therefore, in the case of deformation of posture in scoliosis enhanced natural curves, amplified lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis and cervical lordosis with the aim of preserving the vertical position the displacement of the center of gravity posteriorly. There is a deviation of the lumbar belt down and forward. The muscles connecting the shoulder girdle with the hyoid bone, lead her down, the change of cervical lordosis. Displaced hyoid bone pulls the mandible downward due to the muscles connecting the hyoid bone with the lower jaw. Countering masticatory muscles connecting the mandible to the skull, contribute to the shift of the jaw just posterior.
Change in scoliosis and internal organs. There is a deformity of the chest due to the strengthening of the thoracic kyphosis. Different standing domes of the diaphragm and uneven reduction contributes to the compression of the lung tissue from the bottom. Lateral displacement of the spine contributes to the compression of the lung tissue on the side of convexity. Changes the tone of the intercostal muscles. Scoliotic deformity of the thoracic and torsion contributes to the rotation of the heart in the sagittal, longitudinal and transverse axes, which is manifested by change in the electrical axis of the heart from the left-side half-upright in and in some cases to the right. At lateral and rotational twist of the spine there is a change in shape of the vertebral hole and the entire spine, resulting in compression of the spinal cord. Due to this, there is a secondary shell-radicular syndrome and spinal coronary syndrome, manifested by recurrent pain along the spine in the lumbar region leads to a reduction of the rib-Ilium space and causes a disturbance of the location of the kidneys. For patients with scoliosis typically decrease kislotoobrazovanie functions of the stomach and biliary dyskinesia. Marked deterioration of all mental processes of memory, attention, decline in learning ability.
Thus, scoliosis is quite extensive, the problem has to do with doctors narrow specialties.
As remedial measures we have proposed:
- Required is an adequate manual therapy aimed at the resolution of "joint blocks"
- Selective, intensive massage of the muscles of the whole body and limbs, which allows you to remove muscle blocks, due to the destruction of adenylate - Zelazny ties in muscle cells and create new ones;
- Physical therapy
- Metabolic therapy-supplementation of calcium.
All this contributes to improvement on the part of musculoskeletal system and reduce distantiate lower extremities.